Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body, with up to 60% of it found in the bones. It is important for over 300 biochemical reactions in the body including muscle function, protein and bone formation, energy production, as well as blood sugar and blood pressure regulation.†
Primal Magnesium is a 3-in-1 magnesium blend featuring 310 mg of magnesium and 8 mg of zinc to support exercise performance and recovery, increased energy, and more restful sleep.†
Primal Magnesium is expert-formulated for maximum absorbability and potency. It features magnesium citrate, malate, and glycinate, three highly bioavailable forms of magnesium. It contains 74% the DRV of magnesium and 73% the DRV of zinc help support against deficiencies. It delivers a holistic, all-natural blend of premium ingredients without unwanted or harsh fillers. It even comes with a 90-day money-back guarantee, and every product is made in the USA and is third-party lab-tested for safety, purity, and effectiveness.*.
Primal Magnesium is perfectly formulated for healthy adults and made to suit many different dietary needs and lifestyles. This formula is not made with eggs, gluten, soy, or dairy. We always recommend reading the label closely to ensure that this supplement is the right choice for your lifestyle and be sure to check with your doctor when in doubt.
Primal Magnesium comes in easy-to-swallow capsules that are taken twice daily. For best results, take one capsule with breakfast and one capsule with dinner. Best used consistently each day.
Each bottle of Primal Magnesium contains 60 capsules, or a one-month supply, if taken daily.
This product is manufactured in a facility that also processes tree nuts, peanuts, wheat, and soy. Always review the details on the product label for the most accurate information and when in doubt, we always recommend consulting with a personal physician regarding existing allergies or health concerns.
This product is intended for use by healthy adults over the age of 18. If you have a pre-existing condition, take prescription medications, or have any medical concerns, we always recommend consulting with your personal physician before starting a new supplement routine.
Orders received before 3 pm EST will ship the same day, with the exception of major holidays. If your order doesn’t make it out on the same day, not to worry! It will be shipped out the following business day. Please allow 2-4 business days for your package to arrive. In some specific cases, it may take up to 2 extra business days. We will provide you with a tracking number once the package leaves our warehouse. If you have any questions, please visit our Shipping page here: https://primalharvest.com/policies/shipping-policy.
For maximum efficacy and shelf life, please store your Primal Stress Relief in a cool, dry place away from moisture, direct sunlight, and extreme temperatures.
If stored properly and unopened, Primal Magnesium should generally retain its shelf life for about two years. Once opened, we recommend using the product within 90 days for maximum effectiveness. Each bottle contains a 30-day supply if taken daily.
This is totally up to you! Since consistency is the key to maximum benefits, we recommend taking advantage of our discounts when you purchase more bottles of our Primal Magnesium formula. You are always protected by our 90-day money-back guarantee, which allows for plenty of time to try it out and see if it is the right fit for you. If you are using a discount code, please note that your discount code cannot be combined with any other offer or discount code and excludes all sale items and subscription purchases.
Our Primal Magnesium is formulated and manufactured in the USA in a GMP-certified facility (Good Manufacturing Practices) according to the highest safety and quality regulations. It is independently third party lab-tested in the USA and is formulated with premium globally sourced ingredients (both domestic and imported) to ensure we use only the best ingredients available worldwide.*

PRIMAL MAGNESIUM

6 core benefits of our

EACH SERVING OF PRIMAL MAGNESIUM DELIVERS 

COMBINING 

4 KEY INGREDIENTS IN ONE

COMPLETE INGREDIENT TRANSPARENCY

  • The fourth most abundant mineral in the body, magnesium is essential for maintaining bone, muscle, nerve, and circulatory health making it vital for optimum exercise performance and recovery.† 
  • Studies suggest that nearly 50% of US adults get less than the daily recommended amount of magnesium.†
  • More recently, magnesium has been used to encourage a more relaxed body and mind to help soothe stress and promote a better night’s sleep.†

MAGNESIUM

OUR INGREDIENTS

  • Primal Magnesium has been expert-formulated with three of the most well-absorbed types of magnesium.† 
  • Contains magnesium citrate, magnesium malate, and magnesium glycinate for the most well-rounded support.†
  • Contains 74% of the DRV of magnesium and 73% of the DRV of zinc to help support against deficiencies.† 

A 3-IN-1 BLEND WITH EXCELLENT BIOAVAILABILITY

  • Zinc is an important trace mineral present in every cell in the body.†
  • The body does not produce zinc on its own so it must be obtained through food or supplements.†  
  • This vital mineral helps play a key role in several bodily functions, particularly supporting immune and skin health as well as normal inflammatory responses.†

ZINC

CORE VALUES

SUPPORTS EXERCISE, SLEEP & MOOD

Delivers quality magnesium and zinc to support physical and mental wellbeing.

NATURE’S BEST INGREDIENTS

Primal Magnesium is USA-made in our GMP-certified facility. Each new batch is third-party lab-tested for potency and purity. 

MADE IN THE USA

Primal Magnesium is carefully engineered with care in Utah and shipped from Colorado.

100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEE

We want you to be 100% satisfied with your Primal Magnesium. That’s why every order comes with a 90-day money-back guarantee.

ABOUT US

At PrimalHarvest we believe in supplements before pharmaceuticals. We treat the body as one integrated system, not a series of parts. Our products contain nature's most powerful ingredients, all carefully crafted within the United States. Additionally, our products are third party tested to ensure the highest quality.

  • Formulated with 310mg of magnesium†
  • Features a blend of three types of magnesium: citrate, malate, and glycinate
  • Magnesium helps maintain bone, muscle, heart, and immune health†
  • With 8mg of zinc - 73% of the RDV† 
  • Superior bioavailability for maximum absorption
  • Gluten-free and soy-free

90-Day Money-Back Guarantee. Free Express Shipping on Orders of $75 or More.

90-Day Money-Back Guarantee. Free Express Shipping on Orders of $75 or More.

PRIMAL MAGNESIUM

Magnesium is a key mineral for supporting healthy muscle and nerve function, both needed for optimum performance.†

SUPPORTS MUSCLE PERFORMANCE AND RECOVERY 

Primal Magnesium combines magnesium with zinc, to support immune, metabolic, and skin health.†

IMMUNE SUPPORT

Magnesium is found in every single cell in the human body and is essential for energy production.†

SUPPORTS OPTIMUM ENERGY LEVELS

Primal Magnesium contains a unique blend of three easily absorbed forms of magnesium, glycinate, citrate, and malate so you can reap the most benefits.†

HIGH

BIOAVAILABILITY

Magnesium plays an important role in over 300 enzyme reactions in the body, including bone formation, supporting against oxidative stress, and maintaining a healthy heart.†

HELPS MAINTAIN BONE, HEART, AND CIRCULATORY HEALTH

Magnesium Malate

Bound with malic acid, an acid found in fruit, magnesium malate is thought to be gentle on the digestion.†

Magnesium Glycinate

Magnesium Citrate

Magnesium Malate

Zinc

$15.89

$13.82

$14.26

$12.36

Over $55

All in one for as low as

This form of magnesium is bound with amino acid glycine, used by the body to create protein and support sleep.†

Magnesium Glycinate

PRIMAL HARVEST LLC 2980 MCFARLANE RD MIAMI, FL 33133

1 (631) 769-2203

*These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA Food & Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. The information provided by this website or this company is not a substitute for a face-to-face consultation with your physician and should not be construed as individual medical advice. The testimonials on this website are individual cases and do not guarantee that you will get the same results. 

All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this web site is for general information purposes only. 

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Zinc

An important trace mineral responsible for several key functions in the body from immune support to protein creation.†

$29.95

Magnesium plays an essential role in hundreds of key processes in the body - from bone and muscular health to energy production. Primal Magnesium is formulated with three well-absorbed types of magnesium for maximum potency.†

100% Refund Policy 

We offer a 100% money-back guarantee within 90 days of receiving any product. Try it out, if you're not happy we'll refund your purchase.

Web Price

1 Bottle

1 Months Supply

$34.95

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3 Months Supply

$29.95

TOTAL $89.85 $104.85

each

14%

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$31.95

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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

A triple magnesium complex with zinc to support exercise performance and recovery, increased energy, and restful sleep.

A 3-1 Magnesium Complex with Zinc

PRIMAL MAGNESIUM

One of the most common and bioavailable forms of magnesium, magnesium citrate is absorbed easily by the digestive tract.†

Magnesium Citrate

14%

OFF

9%

OFF

THIS IS WHAT OUR HAPPY CUSTOMERS HAVE TO SAY

+ Verified Purchase on Jan 19, 2021

I take this for muscle tension especially for my neck and my shoulders and legs cramps they work great for me.

+ Verified Purchase on Jan 14, 2021

Started taking magnesium as a supplement on the advice of a friend. After a week or so of taking these I am super happy I did because now I feel better in so many way - sleep is better, I have more strength and stamina, and just overall wellness is improved. Would recommend!

+ Verified Purchase on Dec 13, 2020 

So I wanted to wait a while before I wrote a review for this product. I have been taking it at least 4-5 days a week for a month now while working out at the gym for a couple hours about 3-4 times a week as well as some other moderate activity. I take this along with probiotics. I will say that more than anything, I think this has helped my muscles recover better and it’s been easier to relax before bed. Early morning workouts have been easier to manage.

+ Verified Purchase on Jan 29, 2021

For exercise, I feel like over all it’s had a small impact on my recovery time. I noticed that my muscles are a bit less sore in the morning and I’m able to stretch better. I’ll have to keep taking it more consistently to see how much the effects are abut so far feeling optimistic. To a certain extent I do also feel like this has impacted my weight loss journey. So that’s also a huge plus :)

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This essential mineral has been found to have a calming effect on the body and may be beneficial for alleviating symptoms of low mood and stress, helping to soothe tension for more restful sleep.† 

SUPPORTS MOOD AND SLEEP

A brand new, highly absorbable magnesium blend with zinc

AS SEEN ON

Only $29.95

CITATIONS

CHRONIC MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AND HUMAN DISEASE; TIME FOR REAPPRAISAL? 

A A A Ismail, Y Ismail, A A Ismail, Chronic magnesium deficiency and human disease; time for reappraisal?, QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, Volume 111, Issue 11, November 2018, Pages 759–763, https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcx186. 

THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN DIETARY INTAKE OF MAGNESIUM AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS AMONG IRANIAN ADULTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY 

Anjom-Shoae J, Sadeghi O, Hassanzadeh Keshteli A, Afshar H, Esmaillzadeh A, Adibi P. The association between dietary intake of magnesium and psychiatric disorders among Iranian adults: a cross-sectional study. Br J Nutr. 2018;120(6):693-702. doi:10.1017/S0007114518001782.

MAGNESIUM AND TYPE 2 DIABETES

Barbagallo M, Dominguez LJ. Magnesium and type 2 diabetes. World J Diabetes. 2015;6(10):1152-1157. doi:10.4239/wjd.v6.i10.1152.

THE EFFECTS OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON SUBJECTIVE ANXIETY 

Boyle NB, Lawton CL, Dye L. The effects of magnesium supplementation on subjective anxiety. The effects of magnesium supplementation on subjective anxiety. Magnes Res. 2016;29(3):120-125. doi:10.1684/mrh.2016.0411.

MAGNESIUM INTAKE AND SLEEP DISORDER SYMPTOMS: FINDINGS FROM THE JIANGSU NUTRITION STUDY OF CHINESE ADULTS AT FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP

Cao Y, Zhen S, Taylor AW, Appleton S, Atlantis E, Shi Z. Magnesium Intake and Sleep Disorder Symptoms: Findings from the Jiangsu Nutrition Study of Chinese Adults at Five-Year Follow-Up. Nutrients. 2018;10(10):1354. Published 2018 Sep 21. doi:10.3390/nu10101354.

EFFECTS OF INTRAVENOUS AND ORAL MAGNESIUM ON REDUCING MIGRAINE: A META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS

Chiu HY, Yeh TH, Huang YC, Chen PY. Effects of Intravenous and Oral Magnesium on Reducing Migraine: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Pain Physician. 2016;19(1): E97-E112.

IMPACT OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION IN MUSCLE DAMAGE OF PROFESSIONAL CYCLISTS COMPETING IN A STAGE RACE

Córdova A, Mielgo-Ayuso J, Roche E, Caballero-García A, Fernandez-Lázaro D. Impact of Magnesium Supplementation in Muscle Damage of Professional Cyclists Competing in a Stage Race. Nutrients. 2019;11(8):1927. Published 2019 Aug 16. doi:10.3390/nu11081927.

THE ROLE OF MAGNESIUM IN PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND MIGRAINE TREATMENT

Dolati S, Rikhtegar R, Mehdizadeh A, Yousefi M. The Role of Magnesium in Pathophysiology and Migraine Treatment. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2020;196(2):375-383. doi:10.1007/s12011-019-01931-z.

DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIETARY MAGNESIUM INTAKE AND RISK OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-REGRESSION ANALYSIS OF PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDIES

Fang X, Han H, Li M, et al. Dose-Response Relationship between Dietary Magnesium Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Nutrients. 2016;8(11):739. Published 2016 Nov 19. doi:10.3390/nu8110739. 

MAGNESIUM AND MALIC ACID SUPPLEMENT FOR FIBROMYALGIA

Ferreira I, Ortigoza Á, Moore P. Magnesium and malic acid supplement for fibromyalgia. Suplemento de magnesio y ácido málico para fibromialgia. Medwave. 2019;19(4):e7633. Published 2019 May 28. doi:10.5867/medwave.2019.04.7632.

IMPACT OF MAGNESIUM ON BONE HEALTH IN OLDER ADULTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS

Groenendijk I, van Delft M, Versloot P, van Loon LJC, de Groot LCPGM. Impact of magnesium on bone health in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Bone. 2022;154:116233. doi:10.1016/j.bone.2021.116233. 

MAGNESIUM IN PREVENTION AND THERAPY

Gröber U, Schmidt J, Kisters K. Magnesium in Prevention and Therapy. Nutrients. 2015;7(9):8199-8226. Published 2015 Sep 23. doi:10.3390/nu7095388.

MAGNESIUM INTAKE, QUALITY OF CARBOHYDRATES, AND RISK OF TYPE 2 DIABETES: RESULTS FROM THREE U.S. COHORTS

Hruby A, Guasch-Ferré M, Bhupathiraju SN, et al. Magnesium Intake, Quality of Carbohydrates, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Results From Three U.S. Cohorts. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(12):1695-1702. doi:10.2337/dc17-1143.

IMPACT OF SERUM MAGNESIUM AND BONE MINERAL DENSITY ON SYSTEMIC FRACTURES IN CHRONIC HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS

Hori M, Yasuda K, Takahashi H, Yamazaki C, Morozumi K, Maruyama S. Impact of serum magnesium and bone mineral density on systemic fractures in chronic hemodialysis patients. PLoS One. 2021;16(5):e0251912. Published 2021 May 20. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0251912.

HIGHER BIOAVAILABILITY OF MAGNESIUM CITRATE AS COMPARED TO MAGNESIUM OXIDE SHOWN BY EVALUATION OF URINARY EXCRETION AND SERUM LEVELS AFTER SINGLE-DOSE ADMINISTRATION IN A RANDOMIZED CROSS-OVER STUDY

Kappeler, D., Heimbeck, I., Herpich, C. et al. Higher bioavailability of magnesium citrate as compared to magnesium oxide shown by evaluation of urinary excretion and serum levels after single-dose administration in a randomized cross-over study. BMC Nutr 3, 7 (2017). doi: 10.1186/s40795-016-0121-3.

ORAL MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION FOR INSOMNIA IN OLDER ADULTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW & META-ANALYSIS

Mah J, Pitre T. Oral magnesium supplementation for insomnia in older adults: a Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis. BMC Complement Med Ther. 2021;21(1):125. Published 2021 Apr 17. doi:10.1186/s12906-021-03297-z.

EFFECTS OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTS ON SERUM C-REACTIVE PROTEIN: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS 

Mazidi M, Rezaie P, Banach M. Effect of magnesium supplements on serum C-reactive protein: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Med Sci. 2018;14(4):707-716. doi:10.5114/aoms.2018.75719.

MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AND INCREASED INFLAMMATION CURRENT PERSPECTIVES

Nielsen FH. Magnesium deficiency and increased inflammation: current perspectives. J Inflamm Res. 2018;11:25-34. Published 2018 Jan 18. doi:10.2147/JIR.S136742.

MAGNESIUM FACT SHEET FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS

Office of dietary supplements - magnesium. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Magnesium-HealthProfessional/. Updated June 2, 2022. Accessed December 14, 2022. 

ZINC FACT SHEET FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS

Office of dietary supplements - zinc. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-HealthProfessional/. Updated September 28, 2022. Accessed December 14, 2022. 

MIGRAINE HEADACHE

Pescador Ruschel MA, De Jesus O. Migraine Headache. [Updated 2021 Aug 30]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-.

MAGNESIUM STATUS AND STRESS: THE VICIOUS CIRCLE CONCEPT REVISITED

Pickering G, Mazur A, Trousselard M, et al. Magnesium Status and Stress: The Vicious Circle Concept Revisited. Nutrients. 2020;12(12):3672. Published 2020 Nov 28. doi:10.3390/nu12123672.

EFFECT OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON DEPRESSION STATUS IN DEPRESSED PATIENTS WITH MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY: A RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL

Rajizadeh A, Mozaffari-Khosravi H, Yassini-Ardakani M, Dehghani A. Effect of magnesium supplementation on depression status in depressed patients with magnesium deficiency: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Nutrition. 2017;35:56-60. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2016.10.014.

MAGNESIUM: ARE WE CONSUMING ENOUGH?

Razzaque MS. Magnesium: Are We Consuming Enough?. Nutrients. 2018;10(12):1863. Published 2018 Dec 2. doi:10.3390/nu10121863.

AN UPDATE ON MAGNESIUM AND BONE HEALTH

Rondanelli M, Faliva MA, Tartara A, et al. An update on magnesium and bone health. Biometals. 2021;34(4):715-736. doi:10.1007/s10534-021-00305-0.

DIETARY MAGNESIUM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: A REVIEW WITH EMPHASIS ON EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES

Rosique-Esteban N, Guasch-Ferré M, Hernández-Alonso P, Salas-Salvadó J. Dietary Magnesium and Cardiovascular Disease: A Review with Emphasis in Epidemiological Studies. Nutrients. 2018;10(2):168. Published 2018 Feb 1. doi:10.3390/nu10020168.

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS ON THE EFFECTS OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON INSULIN SENSITIVITY AND GLUCOSE CONTROL 

Simental-Mendía LE, Sahebkar A, Rodríguez-Morán M, Guerrero-Romero F. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on the effects of magnesium supplementation on insulin sensitivity and glucose control. Pharmacol Res. 2016;111:272-282. doi:10.1016/j.phrs.2016.06.019.

EFFECT OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON LIPID PROFILE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS

Simental-Mendía LE, Simental-Mendía M, Sahebkar A, Rodríguez-Morán M, Guerrero-Romero F. Effect of magnesium supplementation on lipid profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2017;73(5):525-536. doi:10.1007/s00228-017-2212-8.

EFFECT OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON PLASMA C-REACTIVE PROTEIN CONCENTRATIONS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS

Simental-Mendia LE, Sahebkar A, Rodriguez-Moran M, Zambrano-Galvan G, Guerrero-Romero F. Effect of Magnesium Supplementation on Plasma C-reactive Protein Concentrations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Curr Pharm Des. 2017;23(31):4678-4686. doi:10.2174/1381612823666170525153605.

COMPARISON OF THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF MAGNESIUM SULFATE VS. DEXAMETHATSONE/METOCLOPRAMIDE ON ALLEVIATING ACUTE MIGRAINE HEADACHE 

Shahrami A, Assarzadegan F, Hatamabadi HR, Asgarzadeh M, Sarehbandi B, Asgarzadeh S. Comparison of therapeutic effects of magnesium sulfate vs. dexamethasone/metoclopramide on alleviating acute migraine headache. J Emerg Med. 2015;48(1):69-76. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2014.06.055.

ONE WEEK OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION LOWERS IL-6, MUSCLE SORENESS AND INCREASES POST-EXERCISE BLOOD GLUCOSE IN RESPONSE TO DOWNHILL RUNNING

Steward CJ, Zhou Y, Keane G, Cook MD, Liu Y, Cullen T. One week of magnesium supplementation lowers IL-6, muscle soreness and increases post-exercise blood glucose in response to downhill running. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2019;119(11-12):2617-2627. doi:10.1007/s00421-019-04238-y.

MAGNESIUM INTAKE AND DEPRESSION IN ADULTS]

Tarleton EK, Littenberg B. Magnesium intake and depression in adults. J Am Board Fam Med. 2015;28(2):249-256. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2015.02.140176.

ROLE OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION IN THE TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL

Tarleton EK, Littenberg B, MacLean CD, Kennedy AG, Daley C. Role of magnesium supplementation in the treatment of depression: A randomized clinical trial. PLoS One. 2017;12(6):e0180067. Published 2017 Jun 27. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0180067.

AN EVIDENCE-BASED REVIEW OF ORAL MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION IN THE PREVENTIVE TREATMENT OF MIGRAINE

Teigen L, Boes CJ. An evidence-based review of oral magnesium supplementation in the preventive treatment of migraine. Cephalalgia. 2015;35(10):912-922. doi:10.1177/0333102414564891.

TIMELINE (BIOAVAILABILITY) OF MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS IN HOURS: WHICH MAGNESIUM COMPOUND WORKS BEST? 

Uysal N, Kizildag S, Yuce Z, et al. Timeline (Bioavailability) of Magnesium Compounds in Hours: Which Magnesium Compound Works Best?. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2019;187(1):128-136. doi:10.1007/s12011-018-1351-9. 

EFFECT OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON TYPE 2 DIABETES ASSOCIATED CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS

Verma H, Garg R. Effect of magnesium supplementation on type 2 diabetes associated cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2017;30(5):621-633. doi:10.1111/jhn.12454.

MAGNESIUM IN MIGRAINE PROPHYLAXIS - IS THERE AN EVIDENCE-BASED RATIONALE? A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

von Luckner A, Riederer F. Magnesium in Migraine Prophylaxis-Is There an Evidence-Based Rationale? A Systematic Review. Headache. 2018;58(2):199-209. doi:10.1111/head.13217.

MG CITRATE FOUND MORE BIOAVAILABLE THAN OTHER MG PREPARATIONS IN RANDOMISED, DOUBLE-BLIND STUDY

Walker AF, Marakis G, Christie S, Byng M. Mg citrate found more bioavailable than other Mg preparations in a randomised, double-blind study. Magnes Res. 2003;16(3):183-191.

THE EFFECT OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON MUSCLE FITNESS: A META-ANALYSIS AND SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Wang R, Chen C, Liu W, et al. The effect of magnesium supplementation on muscle fitness: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Magnes Res. 2017;30(4):120-132. doi:10.1684/mrh.2018.0430.

DIETARY MAGNESIUM IS POSITIVELY ASSOCIATED WITH SKELETAL MUSCLE POWER AND INDICES OF MUSCLE MASS AND MAY ATTENUATE THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CIRCULATING C-REACTIVE PROTEIN AND MUSCLE MASS IN WOMEN

Welch AA, Kelaiditi E, Jennings A, Steves CJ, Spector TD, MacGregor A. Dietary Magnesium Is Positively Associated With Skeletal Muscle Power and Indices of Muscle Mass and May Attenuate the Association Between Circulating C-Reactive Protein and Muscle Mass in Women. J Bone Miner Res. 2016;31(2):317-325. doi:10.1002/jbmr.2692.

ZINC AS A GATEKEEP OF IMMUNE FUNCTION

Wessels I, Maywald M, Rink L. Zinc as a Gatekeeper of Immune Function. Nutrients. 2017;9(12):1286. Published 2017 Nov 25. doi:10.3390/nu9121286

GLYCINE INGESTION IMPROVES SUBJECTIVE SLEEP QUALITY IN HUMAN VOLUNTEERS, CORRELATING WITH POLYSOMNOGRAPHIC CHANGES

Yamadera W, Inagawa K, Chiba S, Bannai M, Takahashi M, Nakayama K. Glycine ingestion improves subjective sleep quality in human volunteers, correlating with polysomnographic changes. Sleep and Biological Rhythms. 2007;5(2):126-131. doi:10.1111/j.1479-8425.2007.00262.x 

EFFECTS OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON BLOOD PRESSURE: A META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED DOUBLE-BLIND PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIALS

Zhang X, Li Y, Del Gobbo LC, et al. Effects of Magnesium Supplementation on Blood Pressure: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trials. Hypertension. 2016;68(2):324-333. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.116.07664.

CAN MAGNESIUM ENHANCE EXERCISE PERFORMANCE?

Zhang Y, Xun P, Wang R, Mao L, He K. Can Magnesium Enhance Exercise Performance?. Nutrients. 2017;9(9):946. Published 2017 Aug 28. doi:10.3390/nu9090946.

ASSOCIATION OF MAGNESIUM INTAKE WITH SLEEP DURATION AND SLEEP QUALITY: FINDINGS FROM THE CARDIA STUDY

Zhang Y, Chen C, Lu L, et al. Association of magnesium intake with sleep duration and sleep quality: findings from the CARDIA study. Sleep. 2022;45(4):zsab276. doi:10.1093/sleep/zsab276.

ASSOCIATION OF MAGNESIUM CONSUMPTION WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES AND GLUCOSE METABOLISM: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND POOLED STUDY WITH TRIAL SEQUENTIAL ANALYSIS

Zhao B, Deng H, Li B, et al. Association of magnesium consumption with type 2 diabetes and glucose metabolism: A systematic review and pooled study with trial sequential analysis. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2020;36(3):e3243. doi:10.1002/dmrr.3243.

MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AND OXIDATIVE STRESS: AN UPDATE

Zheltova AA, Kharitonova MV, Iezhitsa IN, Spasov AA. Magnesium deficiency and oxidative stress: an update. Biomedicine (Taipei). 2016;6(4):20. doi:10.7603/s40681-016-0020-6.